Assignment 8: Colour Theory/ Wheel: Primary & Secondary Colours (Secondary)


Assignment 8: Colour Theory/ Wheel: Primary & Secondary Colours


Basic Information:




Subject: Visual Art


Grade: 9


Activities Breakdown:

·         Outline Learning Goals

·         Distribute and Explain Handout

·         Show examples

·         Go over Dos/Don’ts

·         Demonstration

·         Break Into Groups

·         Explain Clean Up Routine

·         Work Time

·         Clean Up


Formative Assessments:

·         Teacher-Student Conversations

·         Informal Observation


Instructional Teaching Strategies:

Direct Instruction:

·         Listening and viewing

·         Questioning

·         Demonstration


Experiential Learning:

·         Practicing Colour theory/ wheel


Targeted Learning Objective(s):


Creative/ Productive:

·         CP9.11 Select and use appropriate forms, technologies, images, and art making processes to convey ideas.

·         CP9.12 Solve visual art problems in new and unfamiliar ways.


Targeted Learning Indicator(s):


Creative/ Productive:

·         Experiment with different ideas and techniques.

·         Demonstrate effective use of visual art tools, materials, and techniques.


Brief Overview


Set: (20 minutes) 

To begin the lesson I will explain that we will be learning about colour theory today through painting and why colour is important. Next I will outline the learning goals for the lesson, which will be written on the board. I will then distribute yellow art handout and go though each concept. I will mention that these handouts are not for the students to keep so do not draw on them because they are not their property. As a recap I will ask all students to look up from their papers and ask them questions regarding the handout. Next I will show examples of previous work from students and ask the class which example they think is best and which example is not very good and why. I will then distribute and go through dos/don’ts handout. I will then give a demonstration and answer any questions students may have. Next I will divide students into groups of three and assign roles to each group member (someone can grab three brushes and three lids, someone can grab paper, and someone can grab one container of water). Lastly I will explain the clean up routine. Painting palettes will go in the middle of the table and brushes and water containers will go on the back table- make sure you really scrub your brushes to get all the paint out.


Development: (30 minutes)

Students will collect their materials and begin working on their assignment. I will move around the room while monitoring student progress, provide feedback, and answer any questions. When five minutes is left during work time, I will go over the clean up routine one more time to ensure things go smoothly and quickly.


Conclusion: (5 minutes)

All students will participate in the clean up routine. Before students leave I will make sure brushes are cleaned properly and all materials are put away in their proper place. Students will then put their portfolios away while they are leaving class.


Teacher Notes:


PDP Goal:


Materials Needed/ Preparation:

·         Art Handout

·         Dos/Don’ts Handout

·         Painting Materials


Reflective Notes:

-practice demonstration before hand

-have materials ready for demonstration

-find a monochromatic colour scheme in the room (after reading the definition, can someone find a monochromatic colour scheme in the room?)

-find an analogous colour scheme in the room

-complimentary colour schemes in the room. Discuss hockey jerseys (oilers nhl team- orange and blue, lakers basketball team yellow and violet) Can anyone give an example of something that has complimentary colours?


Prerequisite Learning:

·         Basic knowledge of painting skills

·         Basic knowledge of colour wheel

Adaptive Dimension:

·    Learning goals will be outlined at the beginning of lesson so students know what to expect

·     Lesson provides examples and a demonstration to further students understanding of assignment


Do’s & Don’ts When Mixing Colours


  • Natural painterly style
  • Must be the same width throughout
  • Use matte side of paper, not shiny
  • Mix paint first on the lid
  • When mixing secondary colours mix orange, green & violet first
  • Must have the same secondary color when creating intermediate colours, ex) green should be the same
  • Clear, distinct colours
  • Intensity must be the same, ex) if red is vibrant then violet has to be just as vibrant
  • Nice even value of colour throughout
  • Gentle brush strokes – just the bristles that have to touch the paper


  • Make a square and fill it in
  • Use too much water
  • Blend the colours together
  • Push hard with the brush
  • Mix colours directly on your paper




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